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Mount Abu is a hill station as well as a popular pilgimage center due to the stunning array of exquisite Dilwara Jain
Temples dating back 11th and 13th centuries.
Mount Abu was the home of many saints and sages in the old days. Legend has it
that all the 330 million gods and goddesses of the Hindu pantheon used to visit
this holy mountain. It is also the place where the great saint Vashishth lived
and performed a yagna (sacrificial worship on a fire pit) to create four
Agnikula (four clans of fire) to protect the earth from demons. The yagna was
supposed to have been performed near a natural spring, which emerged from a
rock shaped like a cow's head.
According to another legend, once sage Vashishth's cow Nandini was trapped in a
deep gorge and could not free herself. The sage appealed to Lord Shiva for
assistance. The Lord sent Saraswati, the divine stream, to help flood the gorge
so that the cow could float up. Vashishth then decided to ensure that such
mishaps did not occur in future. He asked the youngest son of Himalaya, the
king of mountains to fill the chasm permanently. This he did with the
assistance of Arbud, the mighty snake. This spot came to be known as Mount
Arbud and was later changed to its present form - Mount Abu.
The Nakhi lake is picturesquely set admist hills and is believed to have been
carved out by the gods with their nails. Be prepared to go for long walks and
treks as you visit the spectacular Sunset Point, toad's Rock, and the
beautifully sculpted hill temple of Gaumukh and Arbuda.
This place is held in reverence by Jains as well since Jain scriptures record
that Lord Mahavira, the 24th Jain Tirthankar (spiritual leader), also visited
Mount Abu and blessed the city.
A natural spring flowing through a sculpted cow’s head gives the shrine its
name. The famous ‘yagna’ of sage Vashishtha was performed here. A beautifully
sculpted hill temple of Arbuada-the mighty serpent stands against the beautiful
backdrop. Nearby is the magnificent marble image of Nandi, the celestial bull
rescued by Arbuada.
These beautifully carved temples built between 11th and 13th century A.D. are
sheer elegance in marble, dedicated to the jain Tirthankaras. The Vimal Vasahi
temple is the oldest of these dedicated to the first Tirthankara. Built in 1031
A.D. (by Vimal Shah-a merchant and representative of then Gujarat ruler), it is
a superb example of temple architecture.The central shrine has an image of
Rishabhdev and large courtyard with 52 small shrines,each housing a beautiful
statue of thirthankaras with 48 elegantly carved pillars form the entrance to
the courtyard.The Lun Vasahi Temple, dedicated to the 22nd
Tirthankaras-Neminath, was built in 1231 A.D. by two brothers-Vastupal and
Tejpal,Ministers of Raja Vir Dhawal, a ruler of Gujarat-belonging to the Porwal
Jain community.With door casings, pillars,architraves,and sculptures on
porticos,the temple is a fine specimen of craftsmanship.
The temple is chiseled out of a huge rock reached by a flight of 360 stairs. A
favourite tourist spot.
Legend has that this small lake, was scooped out by a god using only his
nails(or nakh).The lake is surrounded by hills, parks and strange rock
formations.The 14th Century Raghunaht temple stands beside the lake.Several
Maharajas built lavish summer houses around the Nakki lake,a nd the maharaja of
Jaipur's formar summer palace is perched on a hill onlooking the water.
Located at the Raj Bhawan, it was a collection of archaeological excavations
dating back to 8th-12th century A.D. It also has Jain bronze
carvings,brassworks etc. for viewing.
There are many view pionts around the town. Most famous among them is the Sunset
piont which provides a spectacular sight of the setting sun when the hills are
covered in the golden glow can be viewed from here.Other popular spots include
Honeymoon point, which also offers a view of sunset, the Crags and the Shanti
Situated near the ‘Nakki’ lake is the temple dedicated to Shri Raghunathji with
a beautiful image of the deity that was placed here in 14th century A.D. by
Shri Ramanand the famous Hindu preacher.
Beautifully laid parks and gardens are interspersed throughout the hilly
paradise. Ashok Vatika,Gandhi park, Municipal Park,Shaitan Singh Park and
Terrace Garden are some of the noteworthy gardens.
An impressive fort with some beautiful jain temples enclosed within. Among the
noteworthy temples are Achaleswar Mahadev Temple (1412 A.D.) and Kantinath Jain
Temple (1513A.D.) . The latter has gold plated image. Mandakini Kund and a
sculpture of Parmar Dharavarsh are situated close to the Achaleswar Mahadev
Temple. The Fort was built in the 14th century A.D. by Rana Kumbha and is
approachable by a motorable road.
The highest peak on the mount (1722 mts. Above the sea level) allows a bird’s
eye view of the sylvan surroundings of Mount Abu. A small Shaivite shrine and a
temple of Dattatreya standing on the shikhar are worth a visit.
Ambaji Temple |
Sirdi Sai Baba |
Jaipur city |
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